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Help - Glossary

The following glossary listing contains definitions/descriptions of terms that are related to Federal student aid Title IV programs and/or acronyms..

The terms are listed according to alphabetical order. You can select the All link to view a listing of all of the glossary terms, or you may select the letter equal to the first letter of the term.


  • Waiver

    Relief from an obligation, e.g., to pay tuition, fees, or other institutional charges; or to fulfill an administrative requirement.
  • WBT

    Web-Based Training
  • Weakness (in controls)

    An organization's inability to fulfill a responsibility or fully realize the benefit of a control. Weaknesses may be identified internally through self-examination or by an external organization and stated as a recommendation. Depending on the severity, it may be reported to the next level of management. Each material weakness requires a corrective action plan. (See Material Weakness.)
  • Web-Based Architecture

    Composed of services and technologies that enable applications to function in an internet and/or intranet environment through a web browser user interface.
  • Week of Instructional Time

    Any period of seven consecutive days in which one day of regularly scheduled instruction, examination, or (after the last day of classes) at least one scheduled day of study for examinations occurs. Instructional time does not include periods of orientation, counseling, homework, vacation, or other activity not related to class preparation or examination.
  • Willingness to Repay

    When selecting Perkins Loan recipients, a school must consider evidence of a borrower's willingness to repay the loan. Delinquency, default, or other failure to meet obligations on a previous loan is evidence that the borrower is unwilling to repay a loan. Loans discharged in bankruptcy may be considered evidence of being unwilling to repay a loan. Schools may also consider a student's credit history in determining willingness to repay.
  • Withdrawal

    To cease attendance in all Title IV eligible classes in a payment period or period of attendance, as applicable. A student is considered to have withdrawn from a payment period or period of enrollment if
    • in the case of a program that is measured in credit hours, the student does not complete all the days in the payment period or period of enrollment that the student was scheduled to complete;

    • in the case of a program that is measured in clock hours, the student does not complete all of the clock hours and weeks of instructional time in the payment period or period of enrollment that the student was scheduled to complete; or

    • for a student in a non-term or nonstandard-term program, the student is not scheduled to begin another course within a payment period or period of enrollment for more than 45 calendar days after the end of the module the student ceased attending, unless the
      student is on an approved leave of absence, as defined later in this chapter.

  • Withdrawal Date

    The date a student ceases attendance (drops or withdraws) from all his or her Title IV eligible courses in a payment period or period of enrollment.
  • Withdrawal Rate

    The percentage of a school’s students who officially withdraw, unofficially drop out, are expelled, or receive a 100% refund of their tuition and fees. Withdrawing from one or more courses (e.g., reducing credit hours from 12 to 6) or programs but not entirely from the school does not meet the definition of a withdrawal. Instead, this action is considered a change in enrollment status. Schools seeking to participate in an FSA program for the first time must have an undergraduate withdrawal rate for regular students of no more than 33% during the last completed award year.
  • Work-College

    An eligible institution that
    • is a public or private nonprofit, four-year,degree-granting institution with a commitment to community service;

    • has operated a comprehensive work-learning-service program for at least two years;

    • requires resident students, including at least one-half of all students who are enrolled on a full-time basis, to participate in a comprehensive work-learning-service program for at least five hours each week, or at least 80 hours during each period of enrollment, except summer school, unless the student is engaged in an institutionally organized or approved study abroad or externship program; and

    • provides students participating in the comprehensive work-learning-service program with the opportunity to contribute to their education and to the welfare of the community as a whole.

  • Working Papers

    Written records kept by an auditor of procedures applied, tests performed, information obtained, and pertinent conclusions in the engagement.
  • Write-off

    An action to remove an amount from an entity's assets. Costs incurred that have no future utility are charged (written-off) to an expense or loss account, not carried forward as an asset. A write-off of a loan occurs when an official determines, after all appropriate collection tools have been used, that no further collection activity is warranted. Active collection on an account ceases, and the account is removed from an entity's receivables.
  • WWW

    World Wide Web
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